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28 March In History

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28 March marks the anniversaries of the births of the 3rd and 4th caliphs of the Umayyad Caliphate. Muawiya II ruled in Damascus for a maximum of two months, before abdicating due to his poor health. He was the last of the Abu Sufyan dynasty, and was succeeded by Marwan I in 684, the first caliph of the Hakam dynasty.

By the time Abbasids defeated Marwan II in 750, the Umayyad Caliphate stretched as far east as Punjab in modern-day Pakistan, and ruled over the majority of the Iberian Peninsula to the west. The Caliphate was about 15 million square kilometres in area.

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