28 March In History
28 March marks the anniversaries of the births of the 3rd and 4th caliphs of the Umayyad Caliphate. Muawiya II ruled in Damascus for a maximum of two months, before abdicating due to his poor health. He was the last of the Abu Sufyan dynasty, and was succeeded by Marwan I in 684, the first caliph of the Hakam dynasty.
By the time Abbasids defeated Marwan II in 750, the Umayyad Caliphate stretched as far east as Punjab in modern-day Pakistan, and ruled over the majority of the Iberian Peninsula to the west. The Caliphate was about 15 million square kilometres in area.